Glossary, Definitions & Terminology Related to EV & Charging

This page summarises glossary of important terms, relevant definitions and basic Terminology used in context of EV Charging in India:

Basic EV Charging Terminology:

Electric Vehicle (EV): Electric Vehicles (EVs) are run by electric motors which are powered by energy stored in batteries. EVs have an electric motor instead of an Internal Combustion Engine (ICE). As an EV runs on electricity, the vehicle emits no exhaust from a tailpipe i.e. it has zero tail pipe emission and does not contain components, such as a fuel pump, fuel line, or fuel tank. | Read Ahead: Different types of EVs

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment(EVSE): An EVSE supplies electrical energy to charge EVs. The EVSE system includes electrical conductors, related equipment, software, and communications protocols that deliver energy efficiently to electric vehicle. As per Ministry of Power guidelines, Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) shall mean an element in electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure that supplies electric energy for recharging the battery of electric vehicles.

Central Management System (CMS): An intelligent back-end solution that enables real-time data sharing between the electric vehicle, its charger and the charge-point operator.

Charge point operator (CPO): An entity that installs and manages the operations of the charging infrastructure. A CPO may own the charging infrastructure or provide services on behalf of the charge point owner.

Public Charging Station (PCS): An EV charging station where any electric vehicle can get its battery recharged.

Battery Charging Station (BCS): BCS are stations where the discharged or partially discharged electric batteries for electric vehicles are electrically recharged. For all practical purposes, Battery Charging Station (BCS) shall be treated at par with Public Charging Station (PCS), and the applicable tariff for electricity supply shall also be same as for PCS.

Captive Charging Station (CCS): An electric vehicle charging station exclusively for the electric vehicles owned or under the control of the owner of the charging station e.g. Government Departments, Corporate houses, Bus Depots, charging stations owned by the fleet owners etc. and shall not be used for commercial purpose.

Battery Swapping Station (BSS): BSS are stations where any electric vehicle can get its discharged battery or partially charged battery replaced by a charged battery.

Different types of EV Charging Standards:

Source: Niti Aayog Report
EV ChargerOutput TypePower OutputInput VoltageNo. of GunsSocket TypeCompatible with EV
LEV ACAC charger3.3 KW230 V AC,
Single Phase,
50 Hz
1IS-603092W, 3W, legacy/first era 4W (Tata Tigor, Mahindra e-Verito, Mahindra e20) and advanced 4W models (using portable charger provided by OEMs).
Bharat AC001AC charger3*3.3 KW415V, three phase AC3IS-603092W, 3W, legacy/first era 4W and advanced 4W models (using portable charger provided by OEMs)
Type 2 ACAC charger7.4 and 22KW7.4 KW – 230V,
single phase AC

&

22 KW – 415V,
three phase AC
1IS-17017-2-2Capable of charging legacy 4W as well as most of the existing and future EV models
Bharat DC 001 DC charger10KW/15KW415V,
three phase AC
1 or 2GB/ T 20234.3Capable of charging Tata Tigor EV, Mahindra e-Verito, small buses and vans
CCSDC charger25-150KW415V,
three phase AC
1IS-17017-2-3, Configuration FFTata Nexon, Hyundai Kona, MG ZS EV

Used by several manufacturers – Hyundai, Kia, BMW, Audi, Mercedes, MG, Jaguar, Mini, Peugeot, Vauxhall / Opel, Citroen, Nissan, and VW

Vehicles with CCS connectors can be charged using Type 2 AC connectors as well
CHAdeMODC charger25-150KW415V,
three phase AC
1IS-17017-2-3,Used by Japanese car manufacturers
  1. Note: Most EVs have an on-board charger that converts AC current to DC current as all batteries require DC power to charge. None of the existing and upcoming models in India have an on-board charger that has capacity to utilize a 22 KW AC charging.